Valhalla Conlang


The sounds in the Valhalla Conlang are as follows:

Consonant Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive b d g ɢ ʔ
Nasal m ŋ
Trill r
Fricative f
Approximant j
Ejective fricative ʃ
Implosive ɓ ɗ ɠ
Vowels Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid ø ɘ
Open-mid ʌ
Near-open æ
Open a ɑ


Marking the subject

The word order, in the Valhalla Conlang, is very free, as the subject is marked by one of two word-elements: sound-change or a suffix is appended to the word.


The subject-marker suffix consists of the sound /i/ being added to nouns, to mark them as being the subject. If the noun already ends in an /i/, a /ʃ/ is added instead, making the suffix /ʃi/.

Sound Change

The subject-marker sound-change compromises of 4 consonant-changes that occur in the [ | first syllable of the] noun that should be marked as the subject of a sentence. This is why the /ɓ/, /ɗ/, /ɠ/ and /ɢ/ sounds is rarely used [in | at the start of] verbs. If these sounds are present, the suffix rules should be used instead

Original sound New sound
b ɓ
d ɗ
g ɠ
j ɢ

Setting the tenses

The word order of the Valhalla Conlang is relatively free, but the context of the sentence and the meaning conveyed is dependent on word order. Tense is the main example of this. The english sentence “I eat bread” has the SVO word order, and the same sentence in the Valhalla Conlang, could be ordered as both SVO, SOV and OSV, as the verb exists after the subject, meaning the sentence is in a form of present tense. Meanwhile the sentence “I ate bread”, which is also SVO ordered, the same sentence would be written in the OVS, VOS or VSO orders.

The Swadesh List

. I (Pers.Pron.1.Sg.)

  1. you (! 1952 thou & ye)
  2. we (1955: inclusive)
  3. this
  4. that
  5. who? (“?” not 1971)
  6. what? (“?” not 1971)
  7. not
  8. all (of a number)
  9. many
  10. one
  11. two
  12. big
  13. long (not wide)
  14. small
  15. woman
  16. man (adult male human)
  17. person (individual human)
  18. fish (noun)
  19. bird
  20. dog
  21. louse
  22. tree (not log)
  23. seed (noun)
  24. leaf (botanics)
  25. root (botanics)
  26. bark (of tree)
  27. skin (1952: person’s)
  28. flesh (1952 meat, flesh)
  29. blood
  30. bone
  31. grease (1952: fat, organic substance)
  32. egg
  33. horn (of bull etc., not 1952)†
  34. tail
  35. feather (large, not down)
  36. hair (on head of humans)
  37. head (anatomic)
  38. ear
  39. eye
  40. nose
  41. mouth
  42. tooth (front, rather than molar)
  43. tongue (anatomical)
  44. claw (not in 1952)†1
  45. foot (not leg)
  46. knee (not 1952)†
  47. hand
  48. belly (lower part of body, abdomen)
  49. neck (not nape)
  50. breasts (female; 1955 still breast)†
  51. heart
  52. liver
  53. drink (verb)
  54. eat (verb)
  55. bite (verb)
  56. see (verb)
  57. hear (verb)
  58. know (facts)
  59. sleep (verb)
  60. die (verb)
  61. kill (verb)
  62. swim (verb)
  63. fly (verb)
  64. walk (verb)
  65. come (verb)
  66. lie (on side, recline)
  67. sit (verb)
  68. stand (verb)
  69. give (verb)
  70. say (verb)†
  71. sun
  72. moon (not 1952)†
  73. star
  74. water (noun)
  75. rain (noun, 1952 verb)
  76. stone
  77. sand
  78. earth (soil)
  79. cloud (not fog)
  80. smoke (noun, of fire)
  81. fire
  82. ash(es)
  83. burn (verb intr.!)
  84. path (1952 road, trail; not street)
  85. mountain (not hill)
  86. red (colour)
  87. green (colour)
  88. yellow (colour)
  89. white (colour)
  90. black (colour)
  91. night
  92. hot (adjective; 1952 warm, of weather)
  93. cold (of weather)
  94. full†
  95. new
  96. good
  97. round (not 1952)†
  98. dry (substance)
  99. name